Child Rights (CRC)

Street Children in Rwanda

Video Analysis Activity: Street Children in Rwanda

Video Background

Tens of millions of children are living on the streets of urban areas around the world. Street children face barriers to basic rights such as education and are vulnerable to violence and exploitation. This video tells the story of Egide, a thirteen year old boy from the East African country of Rwanda, who began living on the streets of the capital city, Kigali, to escape a chaotic home situation. Egide eventually leaves the streets thanks to the work of Fidesco, a UNICEF-supported center for street children in Kigali. The exact number of street children in Rwanda is unknown, but estimates show this number to be in the thousands. The root causes of this problem include poverty, HIV/AIDS, domestic violence, and displacement caused by the country's 1990-1994 war and 1994 genocide. As part of its child protection strategy, UNICEF is working to increase support to centers in Rwanda like Fedesco to ensure that children living on the streets are safely reintegrated into their family homes.

For more information on this topic visit:

Discussion Questions:

1.       What factors in Egide’s home life led him to begin living on the streets of Kigali? What was life like for Egide as a street child?

2.       How does Fidesco, the UNICEF-supported center, help children like Egide and his friends? 

3.       What two occupations does Egide aspire to for his future? Through these professions, how can Egide help confront the problem of children living on the streets in Rwanda? What are your aspirations for the future and how might your future career impact the lives of children living in the United States and around the world?

4.       Extension Activity: Children living on the streets face barriers to basic rights such as education and healthcare. To learn more about the rights of children, complete TeachUNICEF’s Activity Sheet: Convention on the Rights of the Child


Additional Teaching and Learning Resources:

U.S. Fund for UNICEF Story: When kids end up on the street

TeachUNICEF Resources on Child Rights

Rwandan Government Study on the Situation of Street Children in Rwanda (especially the Executive Summary, p. 9-10)

Information for Teachers on Street Children

Nelson Mandela and the Right to Education


On December 5, 2013, the U.S. Fund for UNICEF joined millions of people around the world in mourning the loss of Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa. In addition to his legacy as father of his nation, he also leaves behind his advocacy on behalf of children. In this lesson, students get introduced to Mandela’s story and life work. They examine how his drive was shaped by some of the same values that drive UNICEF’s work: a commitment to human rights and to education. Finally, they research evidence from the news regarding the state of education in their district, county, or state to determine the ways children’s international right to an education is being protected locally, and the ways it may need better protection.


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