Nirmala: Child Head of Household in Nepal

There are 650,000 orphaned children living in Nepal. It is UNICEF's goal to ensure orphaned children around the world receive the support they need to live a healthy life. In this video, see the story of Nirmala, a young orphaned girl left to care for her younger siblings. With the help of UNICEF she is receiving support to keep her family healthy. UNICEF needs help to support these children through generous donations of all sizes, please visit UNICEF USA at http://www.unicefusa.org/ to donate today.

Street Children in Rwanda

Video Analysis Activity: Street Children in Rwanda

Video Background

Tens of millions of children are living on the streets of urban areas around the world. Street children face barriers to basic rights such as education and are vulnerable to violence and exploitation. This video tells the story of Egide, a thirteen year old boy from the East African country of Rwanda, who began living on the streets of the capital city, Kigali, to escape a chaotic home situation. Egide eventually leaves the streets thanks to the work of Fidesco, a UNICEF-supported center for street children in Kigali. The exact number of street children in Rwanda is unknown, but estimates show this number to be in the thousands. The root causes of this problem include poverty, HIV/AIDS, domestic violence, and displacement caused by the country's 1990-1994 war and 1994 genocide. As part of its child protection strategy, UNICEF is working to increase support to centers in Rwanda like Fedesco to ensure that children living on the streets are safely reintegrated into their family homes.

For more information on this topic visit: http://www.unicef.org/protection/rwanda_61774.html

Discussion Questions:

1.       What factors in Egide’s home life led him to begin living on the streets of Kigali? What was life like for Egide as a street child?

2.       How does Fidesco, the UNICEF-supported center, help children like Egide and his friends? 

3.       What two occupations does Egide aspire to for his future? Through these professions, how can Egide help confront the problem of children living on the streets in Rwanda? What are your aspirations for the future and how might your future career impact the lives of children living in the United States and around the world?

4.       Extension Activity: Children living on the streets face barriers to basic rights such as education and healthcare. To learn more about the rights of children, complete TeachUNICEF’s Activity Sheet: Convention on the Rights of the Child


Additional Teaching and Learning Resources:

U.S. Fund for UNICEF Story: When kids end up on the street

TeachUNICEF Resources on Child Rights

Rwandan Government Study on the Situation of Street Children in Rwanda (especially the Executive Summary, p. 9-10)

Information for Teachers on Street Children

Access to Clean Water in Rwanda

UNICEF strives to provide clean drinking water to everyone. In this video, see how a well being placed in a Rwandan village changed the lives of two young orphans and their siblings. The children no longer have to walk for hours or get hurt trying to find clean water for their families. Easy access to drinking water has improved the health of these families as well as giving the children peace of mind.

SMS Technology in Rwanda

UNICEF's mission is to save and protect children's lives, as well as the lives of their families. In this video, see how SMS technology has helped decrease maternal mortality rates. UNICEF launched a program where volunteers were given cellphones with rapid SMS enabled technology that sends health information about pregnant women to the hospital. In emergency cases, this technology is able to alert an ambulance and can get the woman to the hospital. Thanks to UNICEF's support, these women are now able to get to the health center on time and receive the medial support they need.

Child Protection in Guatemala

In Guatemala, only 2% of sexual assaults are reported. In this video, hear Yasmin's story of overcoming the emotional and psychological traumas caused by her step-father sexually assaulting her. Yasmin is receiving treatment at Refuge for Children, a UNICEF-assisted program, which has provided the support she needs to start recovering. UNICEF is working in Guatemala to strengthen law enforcement's response to reports of sexual abuse and violence.


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