Here, the Sixth Stocktaking Report accounts for both progress made and setbacks identified in the last two years. Globally countries have made more inroads on new HIV infections among children since 2011 than in the previous decade, but the rate of slowing new infections isn't yet on track to meet Millennium Development Goal 6 by its 2015 deadline.

In the report, follow the narrative of how low- and middle-income countries have responded to HIV and AIDS in the first and second decades of a child's life. Several national governments have made remarkable progress on mother-to-child transmission, yet lagged where adolescent protection is concerned.